It is this very characteristic which distinguishes fine art from crafts, which has a utilitarian focus. Tracing back the history of human civilization, one can find examples of various artifacts crafted for the sole purpose of aesthetics.
According to the aesthetic theories, fine art is the highest form of art as it allows a wholesome expression of artistic imagination unlike other forms of art that are governed by practical considerations. Another distinguishing factor is the number of people involved in completing the artwork. Fine art is all about a single artist completing a piece or series, whereas applied art and craft involves dividing tasks among people with specialized skills
2 Most Beautiful Forms of Fine Art
Oil Painting: The earliest paintings were made with egg tempera. With this technique, egg yolk is mixed with an agent as it dries. Church walls were decorated using liquid myrrh. The egg tempera technique paved the way for oil painting. The earliest oil paintings date back to the 7th century CE.
Oil paints are one of the great classic media. They have been used for hundreds of years and have stood the test of time with great durability and steadfast color.
Oil painting is one of the most widely practiced forms of fine art. Pigments are suspended in drying oils, including linseed oil, walnut oil, poppy seed oil, and safflower oil. Several oils can be used in the same oil painting to achieve a particular outcome. The consistency of color paste has an important role to play in the quality of oil paints. A smooth paste is required
Oil painting, painting in oil colors, a medium consisting of pigments suspended in drying oils. The outstanding facility with which fusion of tones or color is achieved makes it unique among fluid painting mediums; at the same time, satisfactory linear treatment and crisp effects are easily obtained.
Sculpture: Sculpture is another noteworthy form of fine art. The Great Sphinx of Giza in Egypt is one of the famous sculptures in the world. Carved in limestone bedrock, the Sphinx measures 66 feet high by 240 feet long. For the early Greeks, the Egyptian style set an artistic foundation with block-like carvings in stone. Sculptures soon gained a realistic look with the increasing use of marble and bronze. The Kritios Boy in marble is one of the best examples of Greek sculpture. Hence, many vintage sculptures depicted Greek gods. The subject of sculpture changed with the rise of Christianity under Emperor Constantine.
The Renaissance period was an age of renewed learning and the rebirth of cultural, political, and artistic ideas. Some of the master sculptors of the Renaissance age included Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello, and Raphael. A famous anecdote associated with Michelangelo emphasizes the prominence of sculpture in this period.
Over time, the use of sculptures evolved such that by the start of civilization, people used them as a representation of gods. Ancient kings who wished to immortalize their rules had statues made in their likeness, and in so doing, they led to the beginning of portrait sculpting, an art that continues to date.
Sculpture is promiscuous, wayward and at its best badly behaved. Sculpture demands practice, risky stuff, of doing and doing and doing, and the occasional undoing. Sculpture questions our relationship to objects, to search for the other side of the commodity object. An art that is concerned with other ways to think and feel. Sculpture is a great pretender; a fabrication that points to our need for storytelling and artifice. We have art so we won’t die of truth.